In addition to the variety of monthly contracts available, many underlying stocks are beginning to offer weekly options. These weekly options can be employed in various trading strategies to manage both the theta and delta risk associated with options expiration. Overall, the growth in weekly options can provide a richer strategy platform that should not be overlooked.
Differences Between Weekly & Monthly Options
Before discussing the various trading strategies that can be built with weekly options, it is important to go back and review some of the more important trading terms. Remember that weekly options are different in that they have a much shorter lifespan. Most of these weekly options start trading on Thursday and expire the following Friday. This provides uniformity and also allows traders to easily “roll” weekly options from one expiration to another.
Four Strategies You Can Use
1) An investor can use weeklies as a pure play. Because they do not remain open as long, the may involve somewhat less risk, but it is important to consider liquidity constraints, as many weeklies have smaller markets. The lower risk of a shorter holding period is lost if the instrument is illiquid and the investor cannot trade the position when needed.
2) Offsetting positions can be taken at certain times during the month between weeklies and monthlies. When the options expiration of the monthly contract is nearly identical to the expiration of the weekly option, there may be a price difference that can be captured between the two.
3) You could take a position in the monthly contract and take rolling positions in the weekly contract in the opposite direction. The idea is to establish a consistent hedge against short-term market volatility but make sure that you factor in the higher transaction costs for getting in and out of the market more often.
4) The last approach to using weekly options is to use them to supplement income from an underlying position. This is often called a call writing strategy because the investor who owns the underlying instrument writes calls on that position and collects the premium. If the underlying remains static or falls, the investors make a profit or mitigate losses. If the underlying rises, he or she may miss some of the profit, but the downside protection is used to justify this risk.
What About Trading Daily Options?
Rumors have been floating around the web about the possibility of daily options as the next logical product for traders. We already had monthly options and weekly options popularity is growing fast. Add your comments below and let me know if you would ever trade a daily option that started trading in the morning and expired that same afternoon.
— The Option Specialist